Nobel Peace Prize
Awarded to 131 Nobel Laureates since 1901
"The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows:
one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations,
the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."
(Excerpt from the will of Alfred Nobel)
Alfred Nobel was interested in social issues and was engaged in the peace movement. His acquaintance with Bertha von Suttner (who was later awarded the 1905 Nobel Peace Prize) influenced his own views on peace. Perhaps his peace interest was also because his inventions were used in warfare and assassination attempts? Peace was the fifth and final prize area that Nobel mentioned in his will.
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by a committee of five persons who are chosen by the Norwegian Storting (Parliament of Norway).
Did You Know?
98-Nobel Peace Prizes have been awarded 1901-2017.
2-Peace Prizes have been divided between three persons.
16-women have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize so far.
62-is the average age of the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates the year they were awarded the prize.
1-Peace Prize Laureate, Le Duc Tho, has declined the Nobel Peace Prize.
3-Peace Prize Laureates have been under arrest at the time of the award: German pacifist and journalist Carl von Ossietzky,
Burmese politician Aung San Suu Kyi and Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo.
Nuclear disarmament group ICAN won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for its decade-long campaign to rid the world of the atomic bomb as nuclear-fuelled crises swirl over North Korea and Iran.
More than 70 years since atomic bombs were used on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Nobel committee sought to highlight ICAN's tireless non-proliferation efforts.
The decision sent a strong message to US President Donald Trump, who has threatened to tear up a 2015 deal curbing Iran's nuclear program and who last month alarmed delegates at the UN General Assembly by warning he may be forced to "totally destroy" North Korea over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
ICAN "is receiving the award for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons," said Norwegian Nobel committee president Berit Reiss-Andersen in announcing the prize in Oslo.
"We live in a world where the risk of nuclear weapons being used is greater than it has been for a long time," she said.
Founded in Vienna in 2007 on the fringes of an international conference on the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, ICAN (the International Coalition to Abolish Nuclear Weapons) has mobilised campaigners and celebrities alike in its cause.
It was a key player in the adoption of a historic nuclear weapons ban treaty, signed by 122 countries in July. However, the accord was largely symbolic as none of the nine known world nuclear powers signed up to it.
The coalition of hundreds of NGOs says its main objective is the adoption of an international treaty banning nuclear weapons, along the lines of earlier agreements forbidding the use of biological and chemical weapons, landmines and cluster munitions.
"A global ban on nuclear weapons is long overdue," the organization says on its website.
Despite July's success, ICAN is not resting on its laurels."We're not done yet... The job isn't done until nuclear weapons are gone," ICAN chief Beatrice Fihn told AFP this week.Its high-profile supporters include form UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, Nobel laureate Desmond Tutu and singer and artist Yoko Ono."I can imagine a world without nuclear weapons, and I support ICAN," reads a message from the Dalai Lama on the site.Actor and activist Martin Sheen meanwhile suggests that "if Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr were alive today, they would be part of ICAN."
- Atomic tensions -
Friday's award -- the climax to a week of prize-giving honoring the world's leading lights in fields from physics and medicine to literature -- comes as another non-proliferation deal, Iran's 2015 accord with world powers, is under increasing pressure from Trump.The US leader has threatened to bin the Iran nuclear agreement altogether, saying Tehran is developing missiles that may be used to deliver a nuclear warhead when the deal's restrictions are lifted in 2025.He is due to report to Congress by October 15 on whether Iran is still complying with the deal and whether it remains in US interests to stick by it.Tensions between the US and North Korea, which has test-fired two missiles over Japan and conducted a string of apparent underground nuclear tests this year, have raised the risk of a nuclear confrontation to its highest level in decades.
"This year's Peace Prize is also a call upon these states to initiate serious negotiations with a view to the gradual, balanced and carefully monitored elimination of the almost 15,000 nuclear weapons in the world," said Reiss-Andersen.More than 300 people and organizations were thought to have been nominated for this year's Peace Prize, including the UN's refugee agency UNHCR, Syria's White Helmets rescue service and Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege.The Peace Prize, which comes with a golden medal and a cheque for nine million Swedish kronor (943,000 euros, $1.1 million), will be presented in Oslo on December 10, the anniversary of the death of its founder, Swedish businessman and philanthropist Alfred Nobel.
அணு ஆயுதங்களை ஒழிக்கும் அமைப்பிற்கு அமைதிக்கான நோபல் பரிசு அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. 2017-ம் ஆண்டுக்கான நோபல் பரிசுகள் தற்போது அறிவிக்கப்பட்டு வருகிறது. மருத்துவம், இலக்கியம், வேதியியல் ஆகிய பிரிவுகளைத் தொடர்ந்து இன்று அமைதிக்கான நோபல் பரிசும் அறிவிக்கப்பட்டது. இன்று அமைதிக்கான நோபல் பரிசு அறிவிக்கும் நிகழ்ச்சி நார்வே நாட்டில் நடந்தது. அதில்,அணு ஆயுதங்களுக்கு எதிரான நடவடிக்கைகளில் ஈடுபட்டு வரும் ‘ஐகேன்’ அமைப்புக்கு அமைதிக்கான நோபல் பரிசு வழங்கப்படுவதாக அறிவிக்க்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. 10 வருடங்களுக்கு முன்னர், ஆஸ்திரேலியாவில்
தொடங்கப்பட்டஐகேன்’ (ICAN -International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons)அமைப்பு தொடர்ந்து
அணு ஆயுதங்களுக்கு எதிராகப் போராடி வருகிறது.தற்போது ஜெனீவாவைத் தலைமையிடமாகக் கொண்டு செயல்பட்டுவருகிறது.http://www.thandoraa.com
Nomination and Selection of Peace Prize Laureates
A nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize may be submitted by any person who meets the nomination criteria. A letter of invitation to submit is not required. The names of the nominees and other information about the nominations cannot be revealed until 50 years later.
Nominations for the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize
There are 318 candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2017 out of which 215 are individuals and 103 are organizations.
318 is the second highest number of candidates ever. The record of 376 candidates was set in 2016.
From the statutes of the Nobel Foundation:
Proposals received for the award of a prize, and investigations and opinions concerning the award of a prize, may not be divulged. A prize-awarding body may, however, after due consideration in each individual case, permit access to material which formed the basis for the evaluation and decision concerning a prize, for purposes of research in intellectual history. Such permission may not, however, be granted until at least 50 years have elapsed after the date on which the decision in question was made.
Process of Nomination and Selection
The Norwegian Nobel Committee is responsible for selecting the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates. A nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize may be submitted by any persons who are qualified to nominate.
Revised September 2016
According to the statutes of the Nobel Foundation, a nomination is considered valid if it is submitted by a person who falls within one of the following categories:
•Members of national assemblies and national governments (cabinet members/ministers) of sovereign states as well as current heads of states
•Members of The International Court of Justice in The Hague and The Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague
•Members of Institut de Droit International
•University professors, professors emeriti and associate professors of history, social sciences, law, philosophy, theology,
and religion; university rectors and university directors (or their equivalents); directors of peace research institutes and foreign policy institutes
•Persons who have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
•Members of the main board of directors or its equivalent for organizations that have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
•Current and former members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee (proposals by current members of the Committee to be submitted no later than at the first meeting of the Committee after 1 February)
•Former advisers to the Norwegian Nobel Committee
Unless otherwise stated the term members shall be understood as current (sitting) members.
The candidates eligible for the Nobel Peace Prize are those persons or organizations nominated by qualified individuals, see above. A nomination for yourself will not be taken into consideration.
Selection of Nobel Laureates
The Norwegian Nobel Committee is responsible for the selection of eligible candidates and the choice of the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates. The Committee is composed of five members appointed by the Storting (Norwegian parliament). The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway, not in Stockholm, Sweden, where the Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and the Economics Prize are awarded.
September – The Norwegian Nobel Committee prepares to receive nominations. These nominations will be submitted by members of national assemblies, governments, and international courts of law; university chancellors, professors of social science, history, philosophy, law and theology; leaders of peace research institutes and institutes of foreign affairs; previous Nobel Peace Prize Laureates; board members of organizations that have received the Nobel Peace Prize; present and past members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee; and former advisers of the Norwegian Nobel Institute.
February – Deadline for submission. In order to be considered for the award of the year, nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize shall be sent in to the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Oslo before the 1st day of February the same year. Nominations postmarked and received after this date are included in the following year's discussions. In recent years, the Committee has received close to 200 different nominations for different nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize. The number of nominating letters is much higher, as many are for the same candidates.
February-March – Short list. The Committee assesses the candidates' work and prepares a short list.
March-August – Adviser review.
October – Nobel Laureates are chosen. At the beginning of October, the Nobel Committee chooses the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates through a majority vote. The decision is final and without appeal. The names of the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates are then announced.
December – Nobel Laureates receive their prize. The Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony takes place on 10 December in Oslo, Norway, where the Nobel Laureates receive their Nobel Prize, which consists of a Nobel Medal and Diploma, and a document confirming the prize amount.
Are the nominations made public?
The statutes of the Nobel Foundation restrict disclosure of information about the nominations, whether publicly or privately, for 50 years. The restriction concerns the nominees and nominators, as well as investigations and opinions related to the award of a prize.
In order to remain open to the various ways in which the qualities of a candidate may be conveyed, the Norwegian Nobel Committee has not introduced a special nomination submission form. The nomination need not be lengthy, but should include:
• the name of the candidate,
• an explanation of why the individual or organisation is considered by the nominator to be a worthy candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize,
• and the name, title and academic or professional affiliation of the nominator.
Common ways of submitting nominations are
The Norwegian Nobel Committee
Henrik Ibsens gate 51
0255 Oslo, NORWAY
Deadline for Nominations
Nomination deadline is 31 January at 12 midnight CET. Nominations which do not meet the deadline are normally included in the following year's assessment. Members of the Nobel Committee are entitled to submit their own nominations as late as at the first meeting of the Committee after the expiry of the deadline.
A letter or e-mail confirming the receipt and validity of the submitted nomination is normally sent out within a couple of months of the submission deadline.
At the first meeting of the Nobel Committee after the February 1 deadline for nominations, the Committee's Permanent Secretary presents the list of the year's candidates. The Committee may on that occasion add further names to the list, after which the nomination process is closed, and discussion of the particular candidates begins. In the light of this first review, the Committee draws up the so-called short list - i.e. the list of candidates selected for more thorough consideration. The short list typically contains from twenty to thirty candidates.
The candidates on the short list are then considered by the Nobel Institute's permanent advisers. In addition to the Institute's Director and Research Director, the body of advisers generally consists of a small group of Norwegian university professors with broad expertise in subject areas with a bearing on the Peace Prize. The advisers usually have a couple of months in which to draw up their reports. Reports are also occasionally requested from other Norwegian and foreign experts.
When the advisers' reports have been presented, the Nobel Committee embarks on a thorough-going discussion of the most likely candidates. In the process, the need often arises to obtain additional information and updates about candidates from additional experts, often foreign. As a rule, the Committee reaches a decision only at its very last meeting before the announcement of the Prize at the beginning of October.
The Committee seeks to achieve unanimity in its selection of the Peace Prize Laureate. On the rare occasions when this proves impossible, the selection is decided by a simple majority vote.
50 Year Secrecy Rule
The Committee does not itself announce the names of nominees, neither to the media nor to the candidates themselves. In so far as certain names crop up in the advance speculations as to who will be awarded any given year's Prize, this is either sheer guesswork or information put out by the person or persons behind the nomination. Information in the Nobel Committee's nomination database is not made public until after fifty years.
Nobel Prize for Peace-2017 and List of Winners 1901-2017