Tamil Nadu Government Departments

17th century
1670: The Tamil Nadu Secretariat started with the Public Department, which was created in 1670. During that period, there was a provision of one Secretary in the "Public Department", who dealt with all the business of the Government.This Department was also called the Chief Secretariat of the Madras Presidency.

18th century
1752: During the French Wars and consequent alliance with the Nawab of Arcot, English East India Company emerged as a political power in India and its territories were also extended. Consequently, the administrative activities of various branches under the control of the council (Government) also expanded, and new departments were created.Accordingly, "Military Department" was established in 1752. The newly created Military Department continued till 1895.

1774: Later, another Department called the "Revenue Department" was established in 1774, and all the revenue matters were withdrawn from the Public Department and entrusted to the Revenue Department. The system of two Secretaries came into existence soon after the creation of Military Department. One Secretary was made responsible to deal with the Military,Political and secret matters, While the other was associated with the public and revenue matters. The arrangement continued till 1797.

1786: In 1786, four Boards were constituted for the revenue administration, viz., the "Board of Revenue", the "Board of Trade", the "Military Board", the "Hospital (Medical) Board", and the "Marine Board". Besides this arrangement, other subordinate Departments were also placed under the control of these Boards.

1796: In May 1796,a "Secret Department" was set up in the Secretariat and all the secret matters were entrusted to it.

1798: In 1798, Judicial Department was also established.

19th century

1800: In 1800, the constitution of the Secretariat was further modified with the creation of a post of Chief Secretary and three posts of Secretaries. The charge of the Political and Secret Departments was handed over to the Chief Secretary, While Military Department was assigned to one Secretary. Commercial matters in the Public Department was entrusted to another Secretary and the third Secretary was given the charge of the Revenue and Judicial Department. An independent Political
Department was also created in the Secretariat in 1800. This Department was made responsible to deal with matters relating
to political nature.

1811 to 1818: During the period between 1811 to 1818, the following Departments were established to transact the business in the Madras Secretariat:
Finance (Financial) Department (1811)
Commercial Department (1815)
Law Department (1815)
Foreign Department (1816)
Ecclesiastical Department (1818)

1831: In 1831, the Secretariat was recorganised once again. The Chief Secretary was given the additional charge of Public Department which comprised Financial, Law, Commercial, Ecclesiastical and General Branches. Besides, the Secretaries were also made subordinate to the Chief Secretary. However, no change was effected in the Departments allotted to them.
During the period 1838-1853,
the following three new Departments were created in the Secretariat to facilitate the work of administration:
Marine Department (1838);
Public Works Department (1843);
Railway Department (1853).

1855: In 1855, the functions of the Department of the Secretariat were further reorganised for administrative convenience. As a result of this rearrangement,the Political, Judicial and Public Departments were placed under the immediate administrative charge of the Chief Secretary. Similarly, the administrative of Revenue, Public Works and Roads Departments was entrusted to the Revenue Secretary. The arrangement, however, continued till 1857.

1857: After 1857, when the entire administration of the Madras Presidency was transferred from the East India Company to the direct control of the Crown in England the Madras Secretariat underwent few change in its set up. The Chief Secretary was made incharge of Revenue, Financial, Political and Legislative Departments. The immediate control of the Governor
General of India.

20th century

1914: In 1914, the following changes were effected to deal with the functions of Departments of the Secretariat: Some subjects allocated to Public Departments relating to Indian Civil Service and 'listed' appointments, the Government Press, the Madras Record Office, garrisons, movement of troops, volunteers and the military staff of the His Excellency the Governor, and some functions of Judicial Department relating to C.I.D. and the Press Act, were placed the charge of the Chief Secretary to the Government. All the municipal matters excluding the lunatics and lunatic asylums were entrusted to the Revenue Secretary. Medical matters connected with the lunatics and lunatic asylums were allocated to the Judicial Secretary.

1916: A revised nomenclature for the various Departments was adopted with effect from 1 August 1916, and the work reallocation among the Secretaries followed. The Chief Secretary and other Secretaries were made responsible to deal with the functions of the following Departments:

Finance (Financial) Department: It comprised Financial Pensions, and separate Revenue Branches, and was entrusted to the Chief Secretary. Public Department: It comprised Public, Marine, Political, and Ecclesiastical branches, and also placed under the charge of the Chief Secretary. Revenue Department: It was put under the control of Revenue Secretary. Local and Municipal Department: It comprised Local, Municipal and Plague. Medical and Legislative Branches was placed under the control of the Secretary, Local and Municipal Department. Home Department: All the branches of the Home Department, viz., Judicial, Education, and Miscellaneous, etc. Were allocated to the Secretary, Home Department. Public Works Department: Administration of the Public Works Department was entrusted to the Secretary and Joint Secretary of the Public Works Department, respectively.

1918: In 1918, Revenue (Special) Department was created within the Revenue Department to deal with the functions of ship building in the Marine Fund accounts and, also the subjects relating to Indian Defense Force (Indian Branch). However, subjects dealt within the Marine Branch relating to ship building were transferred to the Secretary to Government, Revenue (Special) Department. This Department continued till 1920.

1921: The business of the Secretariat Departments was further revised with effect from 1 April 1921. Accordingly, the Political and Ecclesiastical branches of the Public Department were made into separate Departments. As a result of this measure, a new Development Department came into existence to deal with the following subjects:
Civil supplies,
Forests (including cinchona),
Trade and
Veterinary, etc.

1926: On the 1 July 1926, the distribution of work in various Departments of the Secretariat, was revised again and the following arrangements were made for the sake of administrative convenience:
Public, Judicial, Political and Ecclesiastical Departments continued to be under the charge of the Chief Secretary. Law and Education Departments were combined to function as a single Department under the charge of a Secretary. Irrigation and Railway Departments were merged with Public Works Department and Labour Department and placed under the charge of a Secretary. Similarly other Departments, viz., Finance, Development, Local self Government, etc. continued to function under
their respective secretaries.

On 1 April 1936, the Secretariat was reorganised to comprise the following nine departments:
Public Department.
Home Department.
Finance Department.
Development Department.
Revenue Department.
Local self Government Department.
Education and Public Health Department.
Public Works Department.
Legal Department.
However, this reorganisation
was effected from 1 August 1936 in the Secretariat Departments.

1946: In 1946, the Civil Supplies Branch of the Board of Revenue (which was created on 20 June 1786) was designated as a separate independent Department, viz., Food Department and all related subjects were transferred to this new Department.

In 1949, functions relating to agriculture was transferred from Development Department to the Food Department and the nomenclature was changed to that of "Food and Agriculture Department".
Besides this, another Department called Agriculture (Food Production) Department was also established in 1949 and it continued till 1956.

In 1953, with the formation of the Andhra Pradesh and the transfer of seven taluks as the Bellary district to the Mysore State (now Karnataka), the Secretariat was reorganised again. The nomenclature of the Legal Department was changed to Law Department in 1953. In order to deal with the functions of the Government, the following nine Departments were in existence in 1953:
Agriculture Department.
Finance Department.
Health, Education and Local Administration Department.
Home Department
Industries, Labour and Cooperation
Law Department.
Public Department.
Public Works Department.
Revenue Department

After 1953, some new Departments were established to deal with Government business.
In 1960 the following eleven Departments were functioning in the Madras (Now Tamil Nadu) Secretariat:
Education Department.
Finance Department.
Food and Agriculture Department.
Home Department.
Industries Department.
Law Department.
Public Department.
Public Health Department.
Public Works Department.
Revenue Department.
Rural Development and Local Administration Department.

1998: The Department of Information Technology was established in 1998. The Department was formed with the reallocation of subject “Information Technology” from the "Industries Department of Secretariat” and the subject “Data warehousing” from the Planning, Development and Special Initiatives Department

This a List includes Government of Tamil Nadu's:
Departments headed by Principal Secretary (India) to the Government
Departments headed by Director (or) Commissioner of the Government
Tamil Nadu Government's Departments headed by Principal Secretary (India) to the Government
Department of Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Agriculture (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Backward Classes, Most Backward Classes and Minorities Welfare (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Cooperation,
Department of Food and Consumer Protection (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Commercial Taxes and Registration (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Energy (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Environment and Forests (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Finance (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Handlooms, Handicrafts, Textiles and Khadi (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Health and Family Welfare (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Higher Education (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Highways and Minor Ports (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Home, Prohibition and Excise (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Housing and Urban Development (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Industries (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Information Technology (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Labour and Employment (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Law (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Legislative Assembly (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Municipal Administration and Water Supply (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (Tamil Nadu) (formerly Small Industries Department )
Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Planning, Development and Special Initiatives (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Public (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Public Works (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Revenue (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (Tamil Nadu)
Department of School Education (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Social Reforms (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Social Welfare and Nutritious Meal Programme (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Special Programme Implementation (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Tourism, Culture and Religious Endowments (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Tamil Development and Information (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Transport (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Youth Welfare and Sports Development (Tamil Nadu)
Department of Welfare of Differently Abled Persons (Tamil Nadu)
Department of water development (tamilnadu)

Departments of Tamil Nadu Government and its website Address

1.Archives and Historical Research Department

2.Department of Economics and Statistics

3.Stationery and Printing Department

4.Department of Economics and Statistics

5.Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare Department

6.Agricultural Engineering Department

7.Department of Seed Certification

8.Department of Hort and Plantation Cropshttp://www.tn.gov.in/rti/proactive/agri/handbookhorticulture.pdf

9.Department of Sugar

10.Commercial Taxes Department

11.Social Welfare Department

12.Nutritious Meal Programme Department

13.Animal Husbandry Department

14.Department of Milk and Dairy Development

15.Fisheries Department :

16.Department of Sericulture

17.Handlooms,Handicrafts,Textiles &Khadi Dept.
http://www.tn.gov.in/hhtk/ &

18.Registration Department

19.Electrical Inspectorate Department

20.Civil Supplies and Consumer Department

21.Tamil Nadu Forest Department

22 Department of Environment

Health & Family Welfare Department

23.Dept. of Medical and Rural Health Services

24.Department of Medical Education

25.Dept of Public Health and Preventive Medicine:

26.Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy Department

27.Family Welfare Department

28.Drugs Control Department

29.State Health Transport Department

30.Dept of Food Safety & Drug Administration

31.Department of Technical Education          

32.Department of Collegiate Education

33.Department of Minor Ports

34.Department of Highways

35.Department of Forensic Science

36.Tamil Nadu Police Department

37.Prohibition and Excise Department :
http://www.tn.gov.in/departments/home.html &

38.Department of Law, Courts and Prisons

39.Public Department

40.Department of Ex-Servicemen's Welfare

41.Department of Rehabilitation
http://www.tn.gov.in/departments/public.html &

42.Department of Social Defence

43.Department of Prison

44.Department of Geology and Mining

45 Department of Industries
http://www.tn.gov.in/departments/industries.html &

46.Labour and Employment Department

47.Employment and Training Department

48.Department of Legislative Assembly

49.Municipal Administration & Water Supply Dept

50.Tamil Nadu Archaeology Department

51.Department of Museums

52.Personnel and Administrative Reforms Dept

53.Dept. of Evaluation and Applied Research

54.Tamil Nadu Public Works Department

55.Water Resources Department

Revenue Department

56.Revenue Department

57.Revenue Administration Department

58.Land Administration Department

59.Land Reforms Department

60.Urban Land Ceiling and Urban Land Tax Dept

61.Survey and Land Records Department 
(Survey and Settlement Department)

62.Rural Development & Panchayat Raj Dept

63.Dept of Evaluation and Applied Research

64.Tamil Nadu Public Works Department

65.Water Resources Department

66.Revenue Department :

67.Revenue Administration Department

68.Land Administration Department

69 Land Reforms Department

70.Urban Land Ceiling and Urban Land Tax Dept

MORE DETAILS:  http://www.tn.nic.in/tnhome/tngov.html